Design considerations and applications for wetland treatment of high-nitrate waters

L. A. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Nitrate contamination is a serious problem worldwide. By providing an ample supply of carbon and an anaerobic environment, wetlands are a valuable low technology for treating nitrate-contaminated waters with low organic carbon concentrations. Denitrification is apparently limited by the C:N ratio, with ratios > 5:1 resulting in > 90% nitrate removal efficiencies. The denitrification rate constant, V(NO3), varies in direct proportion to carbon supply. Several novel or emerging applications of wetlands include renovation of nitrate-contaminated aquifers (a pump-and-treat strategy), denitrification of nitrified sewage effluents, and treatment of irrigation return flows. Treatment of dual sources is also discussed. In arid regions with limited supplies of high quality water, nitrate treatment wetlands may play a significant role in the development of water resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number1 pt 1
StatePublished - 1998
EventProceedings of the 1998 19th Biennial Conference of the International Association on Water Quality. Part 1 (of 9) - Vancouver, Can
Duration: Jun 21 1998Jun 26 1998


  • Constructed wetlands
  • Denitrification
  • Groundwater
  • Irrigation
  • Nitrate
  • Recharge


Dive into the research topics of 'Design considerations and applications for wetland treatment of high-nitrate waters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this