Design and performance of a modular low-radioactivity readout system for cryogenic detectors in the CDMS experiment

D. S. Akerib, P. D. Barnes, P. L. Brink, B. Cabrera, R. M. Clarke, R. J. Gaitskell, S. R. Golwala, M. E. Huber, M. Kurylowicz, Vuk Mandic, J. M. Martinis, P. Meunier, N. Mirabolfathi, S. W. Nam, M. Perillo-Isaac, T. Saab, B. Sadoulet, R. W. Schnee, D. N. Seitz, T. ShuttG. W. Smith, W. K. Stockwell, K. M. Sundqvist, S. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) experiment employs ultra-cold solid-state detectors to search for rare events resulting from WIMP-nucleus scattering. An innovative detector packaging and readout system has been developed to meet the unusual combination of requirements for: low temperature, low radioactivity, low energy threshold, and large channel count. Features include use of materials with low radioactivity such as multi-layer KAPTON laminates for circuit boards; immunity to microphonic noise via a vacuum coaxial wiring design, manufacturability, and modularity. The detector readout design had to accommodate various electronic components which have to be operated in close proximity to the detector as well maintaining separate individual temperatures (ranging from 600 mK to 150 K) in order to achieve optimal noise performance. The paper will describe the general electrical, thermal, and mechanical designs of the CDMS readout system, as well as presenting the theoretical and measured performance of the detector readout channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-489
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume591
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Past and recent support for this work through the National Science Foundation came from the Center for Particle Astrophysics, an NSF Science and Technology Center operated by the University of California, Berkeley, under Cooperative Agreement No. AST-91-20005, and from NSF Grant Nos. PHY-9722414, AST-9978911, PHY-0503729, PHY-0503629 and PHY-0504224 and through the Department of Energy under Contracts DE-AC03-76SF00098, DE-FG03-90ER40569, and DE-FG03-91ER40618.

Keywords

  • CDMS
  • Cryogenic detector
  • Dark matter
  • Ionization
  • Phonon
  • TES
  • WIMP

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