Design and growth optimization by dual ion beam sputtering of ZnO-based high-efficiency multiple quantum well green light emitting diode

Sushil Kumar Pandey, Saurabh Kumar Pandey, Shaibal Mukherjee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents an in-depth analysis of Cd0.4Zn 0.6O/ZnO multiple quantum well light emitting diode (LED) using commercial simulation software and experimentally optimized growth conditions of n-type ZnO on Si (001) substrate by dual ion beam sputtering deposition (DIBSD) system. Theoretical study reveals an internal quantum efficiency-93.5% is achieved at room temperature from the device, emitting at 510 nm with a turn-on voltage of 3 V. The effect of substrate temperature and gas composition on ZnO growth has been investigated. Growth parameters optimization is performed using structural, electrical, and optical characterizations. ZnO grown at 600 °C shows a strong ZnO (002) X-ray diffraction (XRD) peak at 34.6°, indicating the realization of high-quality c-axis orientation of ZnO layer. Four probe Hall measurements demonstrate achievements of a maximum carrier mobility of-500 cm2/V.s with a low electrical resistivity of ∼10-3 Ω. cm and a carrier concentration of ∼1018 cn-3 from the grown ZnO samples at room temperature. Results from atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements depict that RMS roughness of ZnO (10 μm × 10 μm) reduces from 44 Å to 10 Å when the substrate temperature is increased from 100 °C to 400 °C and then increased to 22 Å as the substrate temperature is increased to 600 °C. Photoluminescence (PL) studies conducted at room temperature describe a strong band-edge emission at 380 nm from ZnO samples. Prominent PL shoulder peaks are observed at ∼485 nm and 618 nm from ZnO grown at 400.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2013 IEEE 5th International Nanoelectronics Conference, INEC 2013
Pages205-208
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 13 2013
Event2013 IEEE 5th International Nanoelectronics Conference, INEC 2013 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Jan 2 2013Jan 4 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - Winter Simulation Conference
ISSN (Print)0891-7736

Other

Other2013 IEEE 5th International Nanoelectronics Conference, INEC 2013
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period1/2/131/4/13

Keywords

  • DIBSD
  • XRD
  • ZnO
  • green LED
  • multiple quantum well

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