Desensitization of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor-mediated vascular smooth muscle contraction

K. G. Lurie, G. Tsujimoto, B. B. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Desensitization of alpha-1 receptor-mediated smooth muscle contraction was studied in rabbit aorta. Incubation of rabbit aorta ring segments with epinephrine (10-6 M) for 7 hr resulted in a 10-fold loss in sensitivity of the tissue to alpha-1 adrenergic receptor-mediated contraction with no change in maximal force of contraction. This loss in sensitivity was specific for alpha-1 receptor-mediated contraction because responses to histamine and serotonin were unchanged in these aortas. Conversely, prolonged exposure of vessels to histamine (10-5 M) led to desensitization of histamine-mediated contraction without altering responses to alpha-1 receptor stimulation. Using [125I]BE2254, a potent alpha-1 receptor antagonist, the loss in sensitivity to catecholamines was found not to be mediated by down-regulation of alpha-1 receptors nor by a loss in their affinity for epinephrine. However, desensitization was associated with a blunting of alpha-1 receptor stimulation of phosphatidylinositol turnover. These results suggest that desensitization of alpha-1 receptor-mediated contraction in rabbit aorta does not appear to be mediated by changes in receptor number or affinity but may involve alterations in receptor coupling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume234
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

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