This paper presents two studies of factors affecting developmental outcomes of young children exposed prenatally to drugs and ahohol. In Study One, descriptive analyses of 38 children and families indicated that, as a group, children scored lower on assessed cognitive and language development, that two rates of oral language and negative behavior by children were associated with these developmental areas, and that several child-caregiver interactions were associated with these differential rates of child behaviors. In Study Two, intervention targets were selected from Study One and manipulated in multiple-baseline fashion across two pairs of children. Results demonstrated increased rates of all identified ecobehavioral variables for three of four parents or other adult caregivers, with concomitant increases in rates of child language production during play activities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, as part of the Early Childhood Research Institute on Substance Abuse (Grant H024R10004). The authors thank Charles R. Greenwood, Christina Sheran, Shui Hou, Michelle Gaddy and the students and staff who assisted with all phases of this research at our three sites, as well as the children and families who participated in this research. Thanks are also extended to two anonymous reviewers of an earlier version of this manuscript.
- Descriptive and experimental analysis
- Ecobehavioral analysis
- Language intervention
- Parent training
- Prenatal drug exposure