Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), a parasitoid of the bird parasite Philornis trinitensis (Diptera: Muscidae) in Tobago, with a review of the sibling species

Gérard Delvare, George E. Heimpel, Hannes Baur, Dave D. Chadee, Raymond Martinez, Sarah A. Knutie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In this paper, we describe and illustrate a new species of parasitoid wasp as Brachymeria philornisae Delvare, sp. Nov. The new species was reared from Philornis trinitensis Dodge &Aitken (Diptera: Muscidae) puparia that were found in the nests of the bird species Mimus gilvus (Vieillot) (Mimidae) and Tiaris bicolor (L.) (Thraupidae) in Tobago. The new species is of particular interest as it may be considered a potential biological control agent in locations where Philornis species are invasive, such as the Galapagos Islands. Closely related Brachymeria species had taxonomically ambiguous relationship in the past and are compared and reviewed. The species have been classified in the subgenus Pseudobrachymeria, but are here treated within the newly defined subconica species-group of Brachymeria as part of a sibling species complex designated as the subrugosa complex. Species assigned to the subconica species-group are listed and five, one unnamed, are assigned to the subrugosa complex and their females keyed. Species are separated by qualitative characters and morphometry using distance measurements. Trigonura annulipes Costa Lima is renamed as Brachymeria costalimai Delvare nom. nov. because of secondary homonymy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-60
Number of pages27
JournalZootaxa
Volume4242
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Brachymeria
new species
parasitoid
bird
Muscidae
Trinidad and Tobago
sibling species
birds
morphometry
species complex
wasp
invasive species
biological control
nest
parasite
Mimidae
Mimus
Chalcididae
Thraupidae
Galapagos Islands

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • LDA
  • Linear discriminant analysis
  • MRA
  • Principal component analysis
  • Shape PCA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

MeSH PubMed subject areas

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera : Chalcididae), a parasitoid of the bird parasite Philornis trinitensis (Diptera: Muscidae) in Tobago, with a review of the sibling species. / Delvare, Gérard; Heimpel, George E.; Baur, Hannes; Chadee, Dave D.; Martinez, Raymond; Knutie, Sarah A.

In: Zootaxa, Vol. 4242, No. 1, 2017, p. 34-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Delvare, Gérard; Heimpel, George E.; Baur, Hannes; Chadee, Dave D.; Martinez, Raymond; Knutie, Sarah A. / Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera : Chalcididae), a parasitoid of the bird parasite Philornis trinitensis (Diptera: Muscidae) in Tobago, with a review of the sibling species.

In: Zootaxa, Vol. 4242, No. 1, 2017, p. 34-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{9e41941091424f8d9b8eac312273e82a,
title = "Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), a parasitoid of the bird parasite Philornis trinitensis (Diptera: Muscidae) in Tobago, with a review of the sibling species",
abstract = "In this paper, we describe and illustrate a new species of parasitoid wasp as Brachymeria philornisae Delvare, sp. Nov. The new species was reared from Philornis trinitensis Dodge &Aitken (Diptera: Muscidae) puparia that were found in the nests of the bird species Mimus gilvus (Vieillot) (Mimidae) and Tiaris bicolor (L.) (Thraupidae) in Tobago. The new species is of particular interest as it may be considered a potential biological control agent in locations where Philornis species are invasive, such as the Galapagos Islands. Closely related Brachymeria species had taxonomically ambiguous relationship in the past and are compared and reviewed. The species have been classified in the subgenus Pseudobrachymeria, but are here treated within the newly defined subconica species-group of Brachymeria as part of a sibling species complex designated as the subrugosa complex. Species assigned to the subconica species-group are listed and five, one unnamed, are assigned to the subrugosa complex and their females keyed. Species are separated by qualitative characters and morphometry using distance measurements. Trigonura annulipes Costa Lima is renamed as Brachymeria costalimai Delvare nom. nov. because of secondary homonymy.",
keywords = "Biological control, LDA, Linear discriminant analysis, MRA, Principal component analysis, Shape PCA",
author = "Gérard Delvare and Heimpel, {George E.} and Hannes Baur and Chadee, {Dave D.} and Raymond Martinez and Knutie, {Sarah A.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.11646/zootaxa.4242.1.2",
volume = "4242",
pages = "34--60",
journal = "Zootaxa",
issn = "1175-5326",
publisher = "Magnolia Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera

T2 - Zootaxa

AU - Delvare,Gérard

AU - Heimpel,George E.

AU - Baur,Hannes

AU - Chadee,Dave D.

AU - Martinez,Raymond

AU - Knutie,Sarah A.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In this paper, we describe and illustrate a new species of parasitoid wasp as Brachymeria philornisae Delvare, sp. Nov. The new species was reared from Philornis trinitensis Dodge &Aitken (Diptera: Muscidae) puparia that were found in the nests of the bird species Mimus gilvus (Vieillot) (Mimidae) and Tiaris bicolor (L.) (Thraupidae) in Tobago. The new species is of particular interest as it may be considered a potential biological control agent in locations where Philornis species are invasive, such as the Galapagos Islands. Closely related Brachymeria species had taxonomically ambiguous relationship in the past and are compared and reviewed. The species have been classified in the subgenus Pseudobrachymeria, but are here treated within the newly defined subconica species-group of Brachymeria as part of a sibling species complex designated as the subrugosa complex. Species assigned to the subconica species-group are listed and five, one unnamed, are assigned to the subrugosa complex and their females keyed. Species are separated by qualitative characters and morphometry using distance measurements. Trigonura annulipes Costa Lima is renamed as Brachymeria costalimai Delvare nom. nov. because of secondary homonymy.

AB - In this paper, we describe and illustrate a new species of parasitoid wasp as Brachymeria philornisae Delvare, sp. Nov. The new species was reared from Philornis trinitensis Dodge &Aitken (Diptera: Muscidae) puparia that were found in the nests of the bird species Mimus gilvus (Vieillot) (Mimidae) and Tiaris bicolor (L.) (Thraupidae) in Tobago. The new species is of particular interest as it may be considered a potential biological control agent in locations where Philornis species are invasive, such as the Galapagos Islands. Closely related Brachymeria species had taxonomically ambiguous relationship in the past and are compared and reviewed. The species have been classified in the subgenus Pseudobrachymeria, but are here treated within the newly defined subconica species-group of Brachymeria as part of a sibling species complex designated as the subrugosa complex. Species assigned to the subconica species-group are listed and five, one unnamed, are assigned to the subrugosa complex and their females keyed. Species are separated by qualitative characters and morphometry using distance measurements. Trigonura annulipes Costa Lima is renamed as Brachymeria costalimai Delvare nom. nov. because of secondary homonymy.

KW - Biological control

KW - LDA

KW - Linear discriminant analysis

KW - MRA

KW - Principal component analysis

KW - Shape PCA

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015869067&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015869067&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.11646/zootaxa.4242.1.2

DO - 10.11646/zootaxa.4242.1.2

M3 - Review article

VL - 4242

SP - 34

EP - 60

JO - Zootaxa

JF - Zootaxa

SN - 1175-5326

IS - 1

ER -