Depthwise viscosity gradients in UV-cured epoxy coatings

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

A magnetic microrheometer is used to characterize the development of viscosity at different depths in UV-cured epoxy coatings. Lateral magnetic particle velocities are tracked at different depths to quantify viscosity gradients. In general, viscosity build-up is faster near the coating surface, tending to produce a "skin". The effects of process conditions on the viscosity gradient development, on the rate of viscosity increase, and on surface defects are studied. More severe gradients develop in thicker coatings and in those with higher photoinitiator concentration. Under some conditions, the skin layer wrinkles, indicating the development of local compressive stress. Curing at higher temperature, however, increases cure rates while reducing the viscosity gradients and wrinkling defects. A magnetic microrheometer is used to characterize the development of viscosity at different depths in UV-cured epoxy coatings. The effects of process conditions on the viscosity gradient development, rate of viscosity increase, and surface defects are studied. More severe gradients develop in thicker coatings and in those with higher photoinitiator concentration, leading to skin and wrinkle formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Volume298
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2013

Keywords

  • coatings
  • epoxies
  • microrheology
  • photopolymerization
  • viscosity

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