Deposition and spin polarization study of Fe4N thin films with (111) orientation

Xuan Li, M. S. Osofsky, Kevin L. Jensen, Hongshi Li, Jian Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We have successfully deposited Fe4N thin films with (111) out-of-plane orientation on thermally oxidized Si substrates using a facing-target-sputtering system. A Ta/Ru composite buffer layer was adopted to improve the (111) orientation of the Fe4N thin films. The N2 partial pressure and substrate temperature during sputtering were optimized to promote the formation of the Fe4N phase. Furthermore, we measured the transport spin polarization of (111) oriented Fe4N by the point contact Andreev reflection (PCAR) technique. The spin polarization ratio was determined to be 0.50 using a modified BTK model. The film thickness dependence of the spin polarization was also investigated. The spin polarization of Fe4N measured by PCAR does not show degradation as the sample thickness was reduced to 10nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number095001
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by Seagate Technology. Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, a member of the NSF-funded Materials Research Facilities Network ( via the NSF MRSEC program under award number DMR-0819885. The authors would like to thank Igor Mazin for providing the code to analyze the PCAR measurement data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Author(s).


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