Background: Practice guidelines historically have recommended postponing dental care after ischemic vascular events. The authors examined an administrative data set to determine whether dental procedures increased patients' risk of experiencing a second vascular event. Methods: The authors examined a data set of 50,329 participants in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey to identify those who had had a vascular event (n = 2,035) and a second event (n = 445) while in the survey. They used Cox proportional hazards regression to study associations between dental procedures performed within 30,60,90 or 180 days after a first event and the risk of experiencing a second vascular event. Results: Dental procedures of any kind, and invasive procedures considered separately, were not associated with patients' risk of experiencing second vascular events across all periods examined. Most hazard ratios associated with dental procedures were less than 1.0, although none differed significantly from 1.0. Conclusions: The authors found that community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries who underwent dental procedures within 30 to 180 days after an ischemic vascular event, including those that produce a bacteremia consistently, were not at an increased risk of experiencing a second event. Clinical Implications: The results of this study suggest that clinicians should reassess historical recommendations that dental care in this population be postponed for as long as six months after an ischemic vascular event.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research in this study was supported in part by the Erwin Schaffer Chair in Periodontal Research (held by Dr. Bryan S. Michalowicz) and grant 1UL1RR033183 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Md. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NCATS or NIH.
- Dental procedures
- Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey
- Myocardial infarction
- Transient ischemic attack