Density Functional Theory of the Water Splitting Reaction on Fe(0): Comparison of Local and Nonlocal Correlation Functionals

Junwei Lucas Bao, Haoyu S. Yu, Kaining Duanmu, Maxim A. Makeev, Xuefei Xu, Donald G. Truhlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal clusters have broad applicability in catalysis due to their unique reactivity and chemical selectivity, and density functional theory has become an important method for understanding catalysis and attempting to design better catalysts. In the present paper, a main focus is on the correlation part of the exchange-correlation functional, and we tested the reliability of the Kohn-Sham density functional theory with local correlation functionals and with the nonlocal random phase approximation (RPA) correlation functional for the water splitting reaction on monatomic Fe(0) and, by implication, for transition-metal-catalyzed reactions more generally. We computed four barrier heights and six energies of reaction in the catalytic mechanism. If the results are judged by deviation from CCSD(T) calculations, it is found that many modern exchange-correlation (xc) functionals (about half of the functionals tested) with local correlation perform better than those using RPA nonlocal correlation; for example, the PWB6K, B97-3, ωB97X-D, MPW1K, M06-2X, and M05-2X hybrid xc functionals with local correlation have overall mean unsigned deviations of 1.9 kcal/mol or less from the CCSD(T) results, in comparison to a mean unsigned deviation of 3.5 kcal/mol for EXX-RPA@PBE. We also find significant differences between the predictions for catalysis at the Fe(100) surface. This work provides guidance and challenges for future theoretical investigations of transition-metal catalysis. (Chemical Equation Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2070-2080
Number of pages11
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

Fingerprint

Catalysis
Density functional theory
Water
Transition metals
Catalyst selectivity
Metals
Catalysts

Keywords

  • catalysis
  • density functional theory
  • electron correlation
  • exchange-correlation functionals
  • random phase approximation
  • transition metal
  • water splitting

Cite this

Density Functional Theory of the Water Splitting Reaction on Fe(0) : Comparison of Local and Nonlocal Correlation Functionals. / Bao, Junwei Lucas; Yu, Haoyu S.; Duanmu, Kaining; Makeev, Maxim A.; Xu, Xuefei; Truhlar, Donald G.

In: ACS Catalysis, Vol. 5, No. 4, 03.04.2015, p. 2070-2080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bao, Junwei Lucas ; Yu, Haoyu S. ; Duanmu, Kaining ; Makeev, Maxim A. ; Xu, Xuefei ; Truhlar, Donald G. / Density Functional Theory of the Water Splitting Reaction on Fe(0) : Comparison of Local and Nonlocal Correlation Functionals. In: ACS Catalysis. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 2070-2080.
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