Density functional characterization of methane metathesis with Cp* 2MR (M = Sc, Y, Lu; R = Me, tBuCH 2). Structural and kinetic consequences of alkyl steric bulk

Nathaniel L. Woodrum, Chris Cramer

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The uni- and bimolecular C-H bond metathesis reactions of Cp* 2ML (Cp≤ = pentamethylcyclopentadienide; L = CH 3, CH 2C(CH 3) 3; M = Sc, Y, Lu) were modeled with the MPW1K density functional and a relativistic effective-core-potential basis set. This level of theory, when combined with a one-dimensional tunneling model, provides enthalpies of activation that are in good agreement with experiment for known bimolecular reactions of methane with Cp* 2ScCH 2C(CH 3) 3 and Cp* 2LuCH 3. Analysis of theoretical trends as a function of metal and ligand indicates that bimolecular reactions dominate in every case under typical experimental conditions. However, unimolecular reactions proceeding through tuck-in complexes become increasingly competitive with increased steric bulk of the metal alkyl and also with metals having smaller ionic radii. For all of the C-H bond metatheses, quantum-mechanical tunneling is predicted to increase overall reaction rates by 1 to 3 orders of magnitude over the temperature range 284-323 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalOrganometallics
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2006

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