Demenz und musik

Translated title of the contribution: Dementia and music

Manuela Kerer, Josef Marksteiner, Hartmann Hinterhuber, Guerino Mazzola, Reinhard Steinberg, Elisabeth M. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients suffering from dementia are nevertheless still able to render exceptional musical performances. For example, they can recognize music from childhood and reproduce lyrics and melodies of songs with four verses. Furthermore, behavioural symptoms such as psycho- motor agitation and crying, but also aggressive behaviour can be positively influenced by music and motivation and positive emotions can be increased. A variety of physiological and psychological changes occur when patients are listening to music. Previous research could show that music activated different parts of the brain especially in the temporal cortex, but also motoric areas in the frontal cortex, thalamus and cerebellum were essential for rhythm, melody and harmony perception and processing. Music therapy is an interpersonal process in which music is used within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals with various psychiatric or medical conditions. However, until now only little research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments like music therapy in dementia patients. Further research is warranted to investigate the long term influence of music therapy on patients suffering from dementia.

Translated title of the contributionDementia and music
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)4-14
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychiatrie
Volume23
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 15 2009

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Cognition for music
  • Dementia
  • Memory for music
  • Music
  • Music in old age
  • Music-therapy

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