Kidney transplantation entails well-coordinated complex care delivery. Patient-provider cultural and linguistic discordance can lead to healthcare disparities. We analyzed kidney transplantation outcomes among our institution's Hmong recipients using a retrospective cohort study. From 1995 to 2015, 2164 adult (age ≥18) recipients underwent kidney transplantation at our institution; 78 self-identified as Hmong. Survival rates were analyzed and compared to Caucasian recipients (n = 2086). Fifty (64.1%) Hmong recipients consistently requested interpreters. Mean follow-up was 9.8 years for both groups. Hmong recipients (N = 78) were on average younger at transplant (45.7 vs 49.7 years; P = 0.02), more likely to be female (56% vs 38%; P = 0.001), and had higher gravidity (5.0 vs 1.9 births; P < 0.001). There were 13 (16.7%) Hmong living donor recipients, who were younger (32.8 vs 42.9 years; P = 0.006) at transplant compared to Caucasians (1429, 68.5%). Hmong 1- and 5-year patient survival was 100%; Caucasians, 97.1% and 88% (P < 0.001). Hmong 1- and 5-year graft survival was 98.7% and 84.9%; Caucasians 94.8% and 80.9% (P = 0.013). One- and 5-year rejection-free survival showed no difference (88.9% vs 82.4%; 86.7% vs 83.4%, P = 0.996). Despite cultural and linguistic differences between Hmong recipients and providers, we found no evidence of inferiority in KT outcomes in the Hmong population.
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© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- cultural discordance
- healthcare disparities
- kidney transplantation
- linguistic discordance