The incidence of reading disabilities in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been found at a higher proportion than would be expected by chance. This study explored the relationship between reading problems-comprehension and phonological awareness, and externalizing behaviors-hyperactivity (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). One hundred boys from Central Texas area alternative education schools between the ages of 11 and 15 were grouped by categories: ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD:C), ODD only, a combination of ADHD:C and ODD, and children without either ADHD or ODD. Results indicated that there were no significant differences among the four groups in terms of reading skills. However, findings suggest a significant negative linear relationship between hyperactivity and reading skills. Application of these findings is discussed.
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- JD/LD Link
- Juvenile delinquency
- Reading disabilities