Deliberate integration of student leadership development in doctor of pharmacy programs

Kristin K. Janke, Michael H. Nelson, Andrew S. Bzowyckyj, David G. Fuentes, Ettie Rosenberg, Robert DiCenzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The CAPE 2013 Outcomes answered the call for increased student leadership development (SLD) by identifying leadership as a desired curricular goal. To meet this outcome, colleges and schools of pharmacy are advised to first identify a set of SLD competencies aligned with their institution’s mission and goals and then organize these competencies into a SLD framework/model. Student leadership development should be integrated vertically and horizontally within the curriculum in a deliberate and longitudinal manner. It should include all student pharmacists, begin at the point of admission, and extend beyond extracurricular activities. The school’s assessment plan should be aligned with the identified SLD competencies so student learning related to leadership is assessed. To accomplish these recommendations, a positive environment for SLD should be cultivated within the school, including administrative backing and resources, as well as support among the broader faculty for integrating SLD into the curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.


  • CAPE outcomes
  • Leadership
  • Student development


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