Deletions of the long arm of chromosome 13 (13q-) are observed in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), are rarely observed in the monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and have been associated with a worsened prognosis in MM. However, no minimally deleted region in the 13q arm has been defined at 13q, and consequently no tumor suppressor genes have yet been identified that are important for disease pathogenesis. We attempted to characterize these chromosome 13q deletions at the molecular cytogenetic level. We studied 351 newly diagnosed patients, entered into the E9486/E9487 clinical study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) combined with immune fluorescent detection (clg-FISH) of clonal plasma cells (PC) and cytomorphology were used to analyze interphase, bone marrow (BM) cell, cytospin slides. We simultaneously used DNA probes for the following locus specific probes (LSI); LSI 13 (Rb) and D13S319, which hybridize to 13q14. We subsequently studied distal deletions using the D13S25 probe (13q14.3) and a subtelomeric probe (13qSTP) for the 13q-arm (D13S327) in 40 cases with documented LSI 13 (Rb)/D13S319 deletion and 40 without deletion of these loci. Of 325 evaluable patients, we found 13q deletions in 176 (54%) using LSI 13 (Rb) and D13S319 probes. Of 40 patients with LSI 13 (Rb)/D13S319 deletions, 34 (85%) had coexistent deletion of both D13S25/13qSTP. These results indicate that chromosome 13 deletions in MM involve loss of most if not all of the 13q arm perhaps even indicating monosomy. In six cases the 13qSTP signal was conserved, but D13S25 was lost indicating large interstitial deletions involving 13q14. In 39 of the 40 cases without LSI 13 (Rb)/D13S319 deletions, the normal pattern of two pairs of signals was observed for D13S25/13qSTP. Deletions involving 13q14 are very common in MM as detected by clg-FISH. These deletions appear to predominantly involve loss of large segments of the 13q arm or monosomy 13, and only occasionally represent an interstitial deletion.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by Public Health Service grant R01 CA83724–01 from the National Cancer Institute. RF is a Leukemia and Lymphoma Society Translational Research Awardee. RF and PRG are also supported by the Mayo Foundation and the CI-5 Cancer Research Fund-Lilly Clinical Investigator Award of the Damon Runyon–Walter Winchell Foundation. PRG is supported in part by research grant P01 CA62242 from the National Cancer Institute. PRG and NEK are supported by the ECOG grant CA21115–25C from the National Cancer Institute.
- Chromosome deletion
- In situ hybridization
- Multiple myeloma