Degree of Implementation of the Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers (INTERACT) Quality Improvement Program Associated with Number of Hospitalizations

Peter Huckfeldt, Robert L Kane, Zhiyou Yang, Gabriella Engstrom, Ruth Tappen, Carolina Rojido, David Newman, Bernardo Reyes, Joseph G. Ouslander

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36 Scopus citations


Objectives: To determine whether degree of implementation of the Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers (INTERACT) program is associated with number of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits of skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents. Design: Secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial. Setting: SNFs from across the United States (N=264). Participants: Two hundred of the SNFs from the randomized trial that provided baseline and intervention data on INTERACT use. Interventions: During a 12-month period, intervention SNFs received remote training and support for INTERACT implementation; control SNFs did not, although most control facilities were using various components of the INTERACT program before and during the trial on their own. Measurements: INTERACT use data were based on monthly self-reports for SNFs randomized to the intervention group and pre- and postintervention surveys for control SNFs. Primary outcomes were rates of all-cause hospitalizations, potentially avoidable hospitalizations (PAHs), ED visits without admission, and 30-day hospital readmissions. Results: The 65 SNFs (32 intervention, 33 control) that reported increases in INTERACT use had reductions in all-cause hospitalizations (0.427 per 1,000 resident-days; 11.2% relative reduction from baseline, p<.001) and PAHs (0.221 per 1,000 resident-days; 18.9% relative reduction, p<.001). The 34 SNFs (12 intervention, 22 control) that reported consistently low or moderate INTERACT use had statistically insignificant changes in hospitalizations and ED visit rates. Conclusion: Increased reported use of core INTERACT tools was associated with significantly greater reductions in all-cause hospitalizations and PAHs in both intervention and control SNFs, suggesting that motivation and incentives to reduce hospitalizations were more important than the training and support provided in the trial in improving outcomes. Further research is needed to better understand the most effective strategies to motivate SNFs to implement and sustain quality improvement programs such as INTERACT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1830-1837
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018

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© 2018, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2018, The American Geriatrics Society


  • potentially avoidable hospitalizations
  • skilled nursing facilities


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