Defects of copper deficiency in rats are modified by dietary treatments that affect glycation

J. T. Saari, Ann M Bode, G. M. Dahlen

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the hypothesis that nonenzymatic glycosylation of proteins (glycation) contributes to the defects of copper deficiency. We studied copper-adequate and -deficient rats while altering two factors known to affect glycation: type of dietary carbohydrate and amount of food intake. Copper deficiency caused cardiac enlargement and anemia, decreased erythrocyte osmotic fragility, enhanced heart lipid peroxidation, increased the percentage of glycated hemoglobin (Hb A1) and reduced staining of lens crystallins on SDS-PAGE gels (suggestive of glycation). Increasing dietary sucrose reduced organ copper concentration, exacerbated the rise in Hb A1 and worsened the anemia caused by copper deficiency. Food restriction ameliorated heart and erythrocyte defects, reduced the percentage of glycated hemoglobin and heart peroxidation and also improved heart and liver copper status in copper-deficient rats. These findings indicate that copper deficiency enhances glycation and that sucrose may exacerbate some defects of copper deficiency by enhancing glycation. Inhibition of defects of copper deficiency by food restriction suggests that glycation and/or peroxidation may contribute to those defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2925-2934
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume125
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • copper
  • food restriction
  • glycation
  • peroxidation
  • rats

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