Defect-mediated phonon dynamics in TaS2 and WSe2

Daniel R. Cremons, Dayne A. Plemmons, David J. Flannigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report correlative crystallographic and morphological studies of defect-dependent phonon dynamics in single flakes of 1T-TaS2 and 2H-WSe2 using selected-area diffraction and bright-field imaging in an ultrafast electron microscope. In both materials, we observe in-plane speed-of-sound acoustic-phonon wave trains, the dynamics of which (i.e., emergence, propagation, and interference) are strongly dependent upon discrete interfacial features (e.g., vacuum/crystal and crystal/crystal interfaces). In TaS2, we observe cross-propagating in-plane acoustic-phonon wave trains of differing frequencies that undergo coherent interference approximately 200 ps after initial emergence from distinct interfacial regions. With ultrafast bright-field imaging, the properties of the interfering wave trains are observed to correspond to the beat frequency of the individual oscillations, while intensity oscillations of Bragg spots generated from selected areas within the region of interest match well with the real-space dynamics. In WSe2, distinct acoustic-phonon dynamics are observed emanating and propagating away from structurally dissimilar morphological discontinuities (vacuum/crystal interface and crystal terrace), and results of ultrafast selected-area diffraction reveal thickness-dependent phonon frequencies. The overall observed dynamics are well-described using finite element analysis and time-dependent linear-elastic continuum mechanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044019
JournalStructural Dynamics
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 4

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  • Journal Article

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  • Projects

    University of Minnesota MRSEC (DMR-1420013)

    Lodge, T. P.

    11/1/1410/31/20

    Project: Research project

    MRSEC SEED Projects

    11/1/14 → …

    Project: Research project

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