Oxidative stress and inflammation promote vaso-occlusion in sickle cell disease (SCD). CD33-related Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins (CD33rSiglecs) are cell surface proteins that recognize sialic acids inhibit innate immune cell functions. We have shown that Siglec-9 on human neutrophils interact with erythrocyte sialic acids (prominently glycophorin-A (GYPA) to suppress neutrophil reactive oxygen species (ROS). We hypothesized that altered sickle erythrocyte membrane sialic acid leads to decreased Siglec-9 binding capability, and thus a decreased neutrophil oxidative burst. SS erythrocytes express significantly more sialic acid than AA erythrocytes (p = 0.02). SS erythrocytes displayed significantly less Siglec-9-Fc binding 39% ± 11 (mean ± SEM) compared to AA erythrocytes 78% ± 5 (p = 0.009). Treatment of AA erythrocytes with sialidase to remove sialic acid decreased binding to 3% ± 7.9 (p ≤ 0.001). When freshly isolated neutrophils were incubated with AA erythrocytes, neutrophils achieved 16% ± 6 of the oxidative burst exhibited by a stimulated neutrophil without erythrocytes. In contrast, neutrophils incubated with SS erythrocytes achieved 47% ± 6 of the oxidative burst (AA versus SS, p = 0.03). Stimulated neutrophils incubated with AA erythrocytes showed minimal NET formation while with SS erythrocytes NETs increased. SS erythrocytes are deficient in binding to neutrophil Siglec-9 which may contribute to the increased oxidative stress in SCD.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Kiser was supported by the Hematology Research Training Grant T32 HL007062/HL/NHLBI . This research was supported by National Institutes of Health grants 5R01HL114567 and RO1GM3273 (AV).
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
- Oxidative stress
- Sialic acid
- Sickle cell disease
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural