TY - JOUR

T1 - Decoding perturbation theory using resurgence

T2 - Stokes phenomena, new saddle points and Lefschetz thimbles

AU - Cherman, Aleksey

AU - Dorigoni, Daniele

AU - Ünsal, Mithat

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, The Author(s).

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - Abstract: Resurgence theory implies that the non-perturbative (NP) and perturbative (P) data in a QFT are quantitatively related, and that detailed information about non-perturbative saddle point field configurations of path integrals can be extracted from perturbation theory. Traditionally, only stable NP saddle points are considered in QFT, and homotopy group considerations are used to classify them. However, in many QFTs the relevant homotopy groups are trivial, and even when they are non-trivial they leave many NP saddle points undetected. Resurgence provides a refined classification of NP-saddles, going beyond conventional topological considerations. To demonstrate some of these ideas, we study the SU(N) principal chiral model (PCM), a two dimensional asymptotically free matrix field theory which has no instantons, because the relevant homotopy group is trivial. Adiabatic continuity is used to reach a weakly coupled regime where NP effects are calculable. We then use resurgence theory to uncover the existence and role of novel ‘fracton’ saddle points, which turn out to be the fractionalized constituents of previously observed unstable ‘uniton’ saddle points. The fractons play a crucial role in the physics of the PCM, and are responsible for the dynamically generated mass gap of the theory. Moreover, we show that the fracton-anti-fracton events are the weak coupling realization of ’t Hooft’s renormalons, and argue that the renormalon ambiguities are systematically cancelled in the semi-classical expansion. Our results motivate the conjecture that the semi-classical expansion of the path integral can be geometrized as a sum over Lefschetz thimbles.

AB - Abstract: Resurgence theory implies that the non-perturbative (NP) and perturbative (P) data in a QFT are quantitatively related, and that detailed information about non-perturbative saddle point field configurations of path integrals can be extracted from perturbation theory. Traditionally, only stable NP saddle points are considered in QFT, and homotopy group considerations are used to classify them. However, in many QFTs the relevant homotopy groups are trivial, and even when they are non-trivial they leave many NP saddle points undetected. Resurgence provides a refined classification of NP-saddles, going beyond conventional topological considerations. To demonstrate some of these ideas, we study the SU(N) principal chiral model (PCM), a two dimensional asymptotically free matrix field theory which has no instantons, because the relevant homotopy group is trivial. Adiabatic continuity is used to reach a weakly coupled regime where NP effects are calculable. We then use resurgence theory to uncover the existence and role of novel ‘fracton’ saddle points, which turn out to be the fractionalized constituents of previously observed unstable ‘uniton’ saddle points. The fractons play a crucial role in the physics of the PCM, and are responsible for the dynamically generated mass gap of the theory. Moreover, we show that the fracton-anti-fracton events are the weak coupling realization of ’t Hooft’s renormalons, and argue that the renormalon ambiguities are systematically cancelled in the semi-classical expansion. Our results motivate the conjecture that the semi-classical expansion of the path integral can be geometrized as a sum over Lefschetz thimbles.

KW - Nonperturbative Effects

KW - Renormalization Regularization and Renormalons

KW - Sigma Models

KW - Solitons Monopoles and Instantons

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U2 - 10.1007/JHEP10(2015)056

DO - 10.1007/JHEP10(2015)056

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84943646736

SN - 1126-6708

VL - 2015

JO - Journal of High Energy Physics

JF - Journal of High Energy Physics

IS - 10

M1 - 56

ER -