Dealing with diversity: Mapping multiculturalism in sociological terms

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since the 1960s, a variety of new ways of addressing the challenges of diversity in American society have coalesced around the term "multiculturalism." In this article, we impose some clarity on the theoretical debates that surround divergent visions of difference. Rethinking multiculturalism from a sociological point of view, we propose a model that distinguishes between the social (associational) and cultural (moral) bases for social cohesion in the context of diversity. The framework allows us to identify three distinct types of multiculturalism and situate them in relation to assimilationism, the traditional American response to difference. We discuss the sociological parameters and characteristics of each of these forms, attending to the strength of social boundaries as well as to the source of social ties. We then use our model to clarify a number of conceptual tensions in the existing scholarly literature and offer some observations about the politics of recognition and redistribution, and the recent revival of assimilationist thought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-240
Number of pages23
JournalSociological Theory
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dealing with diversity: Mapping multiculturalism in sociological terms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this