High levels of decoy receptor 2 (DcR2; TRAIL-R4) expression are correlated with TRAIL resistance in prostate cancer cells. In addition, upregulation of TRAIL death receptor (DR4 and DR5) expression, either by ionizing radiation or chemotherapy, can sensitize cancer cells to TRAIL. Considering more than half of human cancers are TRAIL resistant, modulation of surface TRAIL receptor expression appears to be an attractive treatment modality to counteract TRAIL resistance. In this study, three siRNA duplexes targeting DcR2 receptor were tested. Ad5hTRAIL infections were performed to overexpress human full-length TRAIL to induce cell death, and the in vitro tumorigenic potential of prostate cancer cells was assessed using colony-forming assays on soft agar. The DU145 and LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, which express high levels of DcR2, were resistant to Ad5hTRAIL-induced death. Downregulation of surface DcR2 expression by siRNA sensitized these prostate cancer cell lines to Ad5hTRAIL. In addition, DcR2 siRNA-mediated knockdown of DcR2, followed by Ad5hTRAIL infection, dramatically reduced the in vitro tumorigenic potential of prostate cancer cells. Collectively, our results suggest the potential for combining receptor-specific siRNA with TRAIL in the treatment of certain cancers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is funded by the Akdeniz University Scientific Research Project Administration Division and the Health Science Institute.