U.S. dairy production has been consolidating into large-scale confinement operations. Large numbers of small- to medium-scale dairies have disappeared in the last two decades, and many more are disappearing. This article analyzes small- to medium-scale dairy operations in Maryland during 1995-2009 for changes in technology and efficiency through a novel two-stage DEA approach to examine productivity changes. Conventional confinement dairy operations and management-intensive grazing dairies are analyzed separately. The results show that both dairy systems have become more productive on the technological frontiers, yet the rate of technical change for graziers was less than half the rate for confinement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Agricultural and Resource Economics Review|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a joint research and extension program funded by the University of Maryland and Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. We thank professor Robert Chambers for helpful comments. This study also benefited from the suggestions made by three anonymous referees. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the policies or views of any sponsoring agencies. Any error is our own. 04 08 2017 12 2017 46 3 555 578 Copyright © The Author(s) 2017 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2017 The Author(s) This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© The Author(s) 2017.
- Dairy production
- Data envelopment analysis
- Management-intensive grazing
- Technical change
- Technical efficiency