Dairy Foods: Current Evidence of their Effects on Bone, Cardiometabolic, Cognitive, and Digestive Health

Julie M. Hess, Satya S. Jonnalagadda, Joanne L Slavin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dairy foods have long been considered nutrient-dense and health-promoting products that offer many health benefits to their consumers. This review is an overview of the health benefits associated with them, drawing from recent research conducted on the associations of dairy food components with bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health in cross-sectional and intervention studies. Each section details the associations of dairy with a certain aspect of health and focuses on the benefits milk product consumption may have on the prevention and management of chronic health conditions such as osteoporosis, the metabolic syndrome, and dementia. Dairy food components, as well as the potential biological mechanisms responsible for their effects on health, are also addressed. Although several of the biological mechanisms warrant further research, current evidence suggests that dairy consumption confers some beneficial effects to bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health. Due to its nutrient profile and the current evidence of its benefits, at least 1 daily serving of a dairy item is recommended by the dietary guidelines of several countries. Yet, even in the United States, many individuals do not consume the recommended 3 cups of dairy foods a day. Therefore, this review concludes with a description of the current public health impact of dairy food research as well as recommendations for the food industry to formulate dairy foods that are both palatable and health-promoting for consumers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-268
Number of pages18
JournalComprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

dairy products
bones
Bone and Bones
Food
Health
health promotion
Insurance Benefits
dairies
dairy consumption
Research
Dietary Guidelines
food research
dementia
Nutrition Policy
osteoporosis
metabolic syndrome
nutrients
Food Industry
food industry
public health

Keywords

  • Bone health
  • Dairy
  • Dairy nutrition
  • Disease prevention
  • Health outcomes

Cite this

Dairy Foods : Current Evidence of their Effects on Bone, Cardiometabolic, Cognitive, and Digestive Health. / Hess, Julie M.; Jonnalagadda, Satya S.; Slavin, Joanne L.

In: Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.03.2016, p. 251-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aa14732b1f4d403481dff82c34569790,
title = "Dairy Foods: Current Evidence of their Effects on Bone, Cardiometabolic, Cognitive, and Digestive Health",
abstract = "Dairy foods have long been considered nutrient-dense and health-promoting products that offer many health benefits to their consumers. This review is an overview of the health benefits associated with them, drawing from recent research conducted on the associations of dairy food components with bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health in cross-sectional and intervention studies. Each section details the associations of dairy with a certain aspect of health and focuses on the benefits milk product consumption may have on the prevention and management of chronic health conditions such as osteoporosis, the metabolic syndrome, and dementia. Dairy food components, as well as the potential biological mechanisms responsible for their effects on health, are also addressed. Although several of the biological mechanisms warrant further research, current evidence suggests that dairy consumption confers some beneficial effects to bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health. Due to its nutrient profile and the current evidence of its benefits, at least 1 daily serving of a dairy item is recommended by the dietary guidelines of several countries. Yet, even in the United States, many individuals do not consume the recommended 3 cups of dairy foods a day. Therefore, this review concludes with a description of the current public health impact of dairy food research as well as recommendations for the food industry to formulate dairy foods that are both palatable and health-promoting for consumers.",
keywords = "Bone health, Dairy, Dairy nutrition, Disease prevention, Health outcomes",
author = "Hess, {Julie M.} and Jonnalagadda, {Satya S.} and Slavin, {Joanne L}",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1541-4337.12183",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "251--268",
journal = "Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety",
issn = "1541-4337",
publisher = "International Life Sciences Institute",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dairy Foods

T2 - Current Evidence of their Effects on Bone, Cardiometabolic, Cognitive, and Digestive Health

AU - Hess, Julie M.

AU - Jonnalagadda, Satya S.

AU - Slavin, Joanne L

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Dairy foods have long been considered nutrient-dense and health-promoting products that offer many health benefits to their consumers. This review is an overview of the health benefits associated with them, drawing from recent research conducted on the associations of dairy food components with bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health in cross-sectional and intervention studies. Each section details the associations of dairy with a certain aspect of health and focuses on the benefits milk product consumption may have on the prevention and management of chronic health conditions such as osteoporosis, the metabolic syndrome, and dementia. Dairy food components, as well as the potential biological mechanisms responsible for their effects on health, are also addressed. Although several of the biological mechanisms warrant further research, current evidence suggests that dairy consumption confers some beneficial effects to bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health. Due to its nutrient profile and the current evidence of its benefits, at least 1 daily serving of a dairy item is recommended by the dietary guidelines of several countries. Yet, even in the United States, many individuals do not consume the recommended 3 cups of dairy foods a day. Therefore, this review concludes with a description of the current public health impact of dairy food research as well as recommendations for the food industry to formulate dairy foods that are both palatable and health-promoting for consumers.

AB - Dairy foods have long been considered nutrient-dense and health-promoting products that offer many health benefits to their consumers. This review is an overview of the health benefits associated with them, drawing from recent research conducted on the associations of dairy food components with bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health in cross-sectional and intervention studies. Each section details the associations of dairy with a certain aspect of health and focuses on the benefits milk product consumption may have on the prevention and management of chronic health conditions such as osteoporosis, the metabolic syndrome, and dementia. Dairy food components, as well as the potential biological mechanisms responsible for their effects on health, are also addressed. Although several of the biological mechanisms warrant further research, current evidence suggests that dairy consumption confers some beneficial effects to bone, cardiometabolic, cognitive, and digestive health. Due to its nutrient profile and the current evidence of its benefits, at least 1 daily serving of a dairy item is recommended by the dietary guidelines of several countries. Yet, even in the United States, many individuals do not consume the recommended 3 cups of dairy foods a day. Therefore, this review concludes with a description of the current public health impact of dairy food research as well as recommendations for the food industry to formulate dairy foods that are both palatable and health-promoting for consumers.

KW - Bone health

KW - Dairy

KW - Dairy nutrition

KW - Disease prevention

KW - Health outcomes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957843714&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957843714&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1541-4337.12183

DO - 10.1111/1541-4337.12183

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84957843714

VL - 15

SP - 251

EP - 268

JO - Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety

JF - Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety

SN - 1541-4337

IS - 2

ER -