Daily survival rates of ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus in northern Minnesota

R. J. Gutiérrez, Guthrie S. Zimmerman, Gordon W. Gullion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We radio-marked 56 ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus in northern Minnesota, USA, during 1963-1965 and 2001-2002. Of these, we estimated the daily survival rate of 49 individuals (32 females and 17 males; of which 27 were grey phase and 22 were red phase) during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. We investigated whether daily survival varied by age, colour phase, gender, season and transmitter type. A model representing an interaction between colour phase and season fit the data best (AICc = 154.760) and was 77% more likely than any of our other a priori models. Daily survival rates were identical during the breeding season (0.998; SE = 0.002 for both colour phases), but higher for red-phased (0.994; SE = 0.003) than for grey-phased (0.980; SE = 0.007) birds during the non-breeding season. The daily estimate of grouse survival pooled across all individuals and seasons was 0.994 (SE = 0.002), which yielded an annual survival probability of 0.111 (SE = 0.082). The estimated annual survival rate was 0.010 (SE = 0.132) for grey-phased birds and 0.206 (SE = 0.146) for red-phased birds. There was no difference in survival rates between the two study periods. Our estimated annual survival rates were similar to other rates reported for ruffed grouse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalWildlife Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003


  • Bonasa umbellus
  • Galliformes
  • Known-fate modelling
  • Radio telemetry
  • Ruffed grouse
  • Survival rate


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