Daily supplementation with 25 μg cholecalciferol does not increase calcium absorption or skeletal retention in adolescent girls with low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D

Clara Y. Park, Kathleen M. Hill, Ann E. Elble, Berdine R. Martin, Linda A. DiMeglio, Munro Peacock, George P. McCabe, Connie M. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

In healthy adolescents, cross-sectional studies show either no or negative relationships between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and calcium (Ca) absorption. Using a 2-period metabolic balance study, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on Ca absorption and retention in adolescent girls was investigated. Eleven girls aged 12-14 y with a mean entry serum 25(OH)D of 35.1 nmol/L consumed a controlled intake (providing 5 μg vitamin D and 1117 mg Ca/d) for two 3-wk metabolic balance periods separated by a 1-wk washout period. Sunlight exposure was minimized by sunscreen with a sun protection factor ≥ 15. After the first metabolic balance period, participants received 25 μg/d cholecalciferol supplementation for 4 wk. Fractional Ca absorption was measured in each metabolic balance period using a stable Ca isotope method. All urine and fecal samples were collected and analyzed to measure net Ca absorption and Ca retention. Paired t tests and correlations were used to analyze the data. Daily supplementation with 25 μg vitamin D resulted in a mean increase in serum 25(OH)D of 13.3 nmol/L (P < 0.01) but a decrease in fractional Ca absorption of 8.3% (P < 0.05) and no significant change in fasting serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, net Ca absorption, or Ca skeletal retention. In pubertal girls with vitamin D status considered insufficient in adults, vitamin D supplementation of 25 μg/d for 4 wk did not improve fractional Ca absorption, net Ca absorption, or Ca retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2139-2144
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of nutrition
Volume140
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bone and Bones/metabolism
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Child
  • Cholecalciferol/administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Parathyroid Hormone/blood
  • Sunscreening Agents
  • Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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