Daily or weekly dosing with EGFR inhibitors, gefitinib and lapatinib, and AKt inhibitor MK2206 in mammary cancer models

Ronald A. Lubet, Vernon E. Steele, M. M. Juliana, Ann Bode, Fariba Moeinpour, Clinton J. Grubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Daily vs. weekly dosing with EGFR inhibitors (gefitinib and lapatinib) and an AKT inhibitor (MK2206) were compared in two rodent breast cancer models. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered methylnitrosourea (MNU) at 50 days of age, and gefitinib (daily/weekly dosing at 10/70 mg/kg BW) or lapatinib (daily/weekly dosing at 75/525 mg/kg BW) were administered by gavage beginning 5 days after MNU. For the prevention studies, weekly or daily dosing with gefitinib or lapatinib reduced cancer multiplicity >75%, and all treatments reduced tumor weights by >90%. For the therapeutic studies, MNU-treated rats were followed until small palpable mammary cancers developed. The rats were then treated daily or weekly as above for 6 weeks. Either daily or weekly dosing with lapatinib or gefitinib caused regression in >50% of the tumors. Immunohistochemistry biomarker studies in palpable mammary cancers following a weekly dose of gefitinib showed that 1 day (but not 7 days) after treatment, the levels of phosphorylated EGFR1 were significantly decreased. In an ER-negative (ER-) Neu-overexpressing model employing MMTV-Neu/P53KO mice, daily (100 mg/kg BW/day, 5 days each week), or weekly dosing (500 or 250 mg/kg BW) with gefitinib reduced tumor multiplicity 65, 85 and 75%, respectively. In the MNU prevention model, daily dosing (100 mg/kg BW/day) with the allosteric AKT inhibitor MK2206 was ineffective, while weekly dosing (700 mg/kg BW) reduced the final tumor weight >70%. Combining weekly MK2206 with the aromatase inhibitor vorozole (0.12 mg/kg BW/day) showed that each compound alone reduced tumor multiplicity 40-50%. The combination reduced cancer multiplicity ~70%. These studies demonstrate the efficacy of weekly dosing with various protein kinase inhibitors; raising the possibility of employing these agents in a breast cancer preventive setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1545-1553
Number of pages9
JournalOncology Reports
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The present study was supported by the NCI Contract No. HHSN261200433001C.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 George Warman Publications. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Prevention
  • Therapy

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