Cysteinoyl- and Cysteine-containing Dipeptidoylbenzotriazoles with Free Sulfhydryl Groups: Easy Access to N-terminal and Internal Cysteine Peptides

Tarek S. Ibrahim, Srinivasa R. Tala, Said A. El-Feky, Zakaria K. Abdel-Samii, Alan R. Katritzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

N-Protected cysteines 4a-c each with a free sulfhydryl group were prepared in 70-75% yields by treatment of l-cysteine with 1-(benzyloxycarbonyl) benzotriazole (Cbz-Bt) 1a, N-(tert-butyloxy-carbonyl)benzotriazole (Boc-Bt) 1b, and 1-(9-fluorenylmethoxy-carbonyl)benzotriazole (Fmoc-Bt) 1c, respectively. N-Protected, free sulfhydryl cysteines 4a-c were then converted into the corresponding N-protected, free sulfhydryl cysteinoylbenzotriazoles 7a-c (70-85%), which on treatment with diverse amino acids and dipeptides afforded the corresponding N-protected, free sulfhydryl N-terminal cysteine dipeptides 8a-e and tripeptides 8f-h in 73-80% yields. N-Protected, free sulfhydryl cysteine-containing dipeptides 9a,b were converted into the corresponding N-protected, free sulfhydryl dipeptidoylbenzotriazoles 10a,b (69-81%), which on treatment with amino acids, dipeptides, and a tripeptide afforded internal cysteine tripeptides 11a-c, tetrapeptides 11d,e and pentapeptide 11f, each containing a N-protected, free sulfhydryl groups in 70-90% yields under mild conditions. Treatment of N-protected, free sulfhydryl cysteinoylbenzotriazole 7a with diamines 12a,b afforded directly the cysteine-containing disulfide-bridged cyclic peptides 14a,b in 50% yields. Novel and stable N-protected, free sulfhydryl, cysteine-containing dipeptidoylbenzotriazoles formed internal cysteine containing N-protected free sulfhydryl tripeptides, tetrapeptides, and pentapeptide under mild reaction conditions in good yields that can be useful in the syntheses of other naturally occurring or biologically active cysteine-containing peptides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Biology and Drug Design
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Acylation
  • Benzotriazole methodology
  • Cysteine
  • N-protected(α-aminoacyl)benzotriazole
  • Small peptides

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