Background. It has been suggested that cystatin C may be a superior measure of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than creatinine-based methods. We aimed to assess the utility of cystatin C for clinical triage in community-based settings.Methods. We identified cystatin C thresholds that maximize sensitivity and specificity (MaxSn+ Sp) for predicting death and subsequently applied classification tree methodology considering serum creatinine, creatinine-based eGFR, urinary albumincreatinine ratio and conventional modifiable risk factors to define subgroups, interactions and hierarchical ranks in fasting US adults (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 198894, followed through 2006).Results. A threshold cystatin C value of 0.94 mg/L exhibited the best maximum combined value of sensitivity and specificity for predicting death (MaxSn+ Sp, Sn 0.64/Sp 0.78). When all variables were considered jointly in a classification tree, cystatin C and albumincreatinine ratio were the primary mortality discriminators in subgroups that added up to 41 and 14% of the study population, respectively; serum creatinine and creatinine-based eGFR were non-discriminatory.Conclusion. Cystatin C may be useful for risk-based clinical triage in public health settings.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgements. This study was performed as a deliverable under contract no. HHSN267200715002C (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD). The authors wish to thank United States Renal Data System colleagues Beth Forrest for regulatory assistance, Shane Nygaard for manuscript preparation and Nan Booth, MSW, MPH, for manuscript editing.
- albumincreatinine ratio
- cystatin C
- estimated glomerular filtration rate