Cystathionine β-synthase mutations in homocystinuria

Jan P. Kraus, Miroslav Janosǐk, Viktor Kožich, Roseann Mandell, Vivian Shih, M. P. Sperandeo, Gianfranco Sebastio, Raffaella De Franchis, Generoso Andria, Leo A.J. Kluijtmans, Henk Blom, Godfried H.J. Boers, Ross B. Gordon, Pierre Kamoun, Michael Y. Tsai, Warren D. Kruger, Hans G. Koch, Toshihiro Ohura, Mette Gaustadnes

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248 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major cause of homocystinuria is mutation of the gene encoding the enzyme cystathionine β-synthase (CBS). Deficiency of CBS activity results in elevated levels of homocysteine as well as methionine in plasma and urine and decreased levels of cystathionine and cysteine. Ninety-two different disease- associated mutations have been identified in the CBS gene in 310 examined homocystinuric alleles in more than a dozen laboratories around the world. Most of these mutations are missense, and the vast majority of these are private mutations. The two most frequently encountered of these mutations are the pyridoxine-responsive I278T and the pyridoxine-nonresponsive G307S. Mutations due to deaminations of methylcytosines represent 53% of all point substitutions in the coding region of the CBS gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-375
Number of pages14
JournalHuman mutation
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 1999

Keywords

  • CBS
  • Cystathionine β-synthase
  • Homocysteine
  • Homocystinuria
  • Inborn error

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