This study tests the hypothesis that atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) inhibits catecholamine release from rat pheochromocytoma cells by increasing levels of intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP). Rat differentiated pheochromocytoma cells are a model of adrenergic nerves and allow the exploration of the effects of various hormones, autacoids, drugs and neuromodulators on adrenergic neurotransmission in cell culture. Synthetic rat ANF (99-126) inhibited K+-induced norepinephrine and dopamine release, as measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, in a concentration-dependent manner over the concentration range of 10-11 to 10-8 M. ANF stimulated intracellular cGMP accumulation, as measured by specific radioimmunoassay, in a concentration-dependent manner over the same concentration range. The cGMP analog, N2-2'-O-dibutyryl cGMP also inhibited K+-induced norepinephrine and dopamine release in a concentration-dependent manner. The results of this study are consistent with the hypothesis that ANF acts as an inhibitory neuromodulator in adrenergic nerves via the second messenger, cGMP.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
|Published - 1989