The role of phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoforms in regulation of transepithelial Cl secretion was investigated using cultured monolayers of T84 cells grown on membrane filters. Identification of the major PDE isoforms present in these cells was determined using ion exchange chromatography in combination with biochemical assays for cGMP and cAMP hydrolysis. The most abundant PDE isoform in these cells was PDE4 accounting for 70-80% of the total cAMP hydrolysis within the cytosolic and membrane fractions from these cells. The PDE3 isoform was also identified in both cytosolic and membrane fractions accounting for 20% of the total cAMP hydrolysis in the cytosolic fraction and 15-30% of the total cAMP hydrolysis observed in the membrane fraction. A large portion of the total cGMP hydrolysis detected in cytosolic and membrane fractions of T84 cells was mediated by PDE5 (50-75%). Treatment of confluent monolayers of T84 cells with various PDE inhibitors produced significant increases in short-circuit current (Isc). The PDE3-selective inhibitors terqinsin, milrinone and cilostamide produced increases in Isc with EC50 values of 0.6 nM, 8.0 nM and 0.5 μM respectively. These values were in close agreement with the IC50 values for cAMP hydrolysis. The effects of the PDE1-(8-MM-IBMX) and PDE4-(RP-73401) selective inhibitors on Isc were significantly less potent than PDE3 inhibitors with EC50 values of > 7 μM and > 50 μM respectively. However, the effects of 8-MM-IBMX and terqinsin on Cl secretion were additive, suggesting that inhibition of PDE1 also increases Cl secretion. The effect of PDE inhibitors on Isc were significantly blocked by apical treatment with glibenclamide (an inhibitor of the CFTR Cl channel) and by basolateral bumetanide, an inhibitor of Na-K-2Cl cotransport activity. These results indicate that inhibition of PDE activity in T84 cells stimulates transepithelial Cl secretion and that PDE1 and PDE3 are involved in regulating the rate of secretion.
- Na-K-2Cl cotransport
- T cells