Chemokines regulate the homeostatic trafficking of lymphocytes and lymphocyte influx into sites of injury and inflammation. The signaling pathways by which chemokine receptors regulate lymphocyte migration remain incompletely characterized. We demonstrate that Jurkat T cells lacking the ZAP-70 tyrosine kinase exhibit reduced migration in response to the CXCR4 ligand CXCL12 when compared with wild-type Jurkat T cells. Expression of wild-type, but not kinase-inactive, ZAP-70 resulted in enhanced migration of ZAP-70-deficient Jurkat T cells. The tyrosine residue at position 292 in the interdomain B region of ZAP-70 exerts a negative regulatory effect on ZAP-70-dependent migration. Stimulation of Jurkat T cells with CXCL12 also resulted in ZAP-70-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of the Src homology 2 domain-containing leukocyte protein of 76 kDa (SLP-76) adapter protein. Although CXCL12-dependent migration of SLP-76-deficient Jurkat T cells was impaired, re-expression of SLP-76 did not enhance migration. These results suggest a novel function for ZAP-70, but not SLP-76, in CXCR4 chemokine receptor signaling in human T cells.