Brief treatment with αCD154 Ab has been shown to prevent acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). We extend these data to show that in the absence of CD154 function, donor T cells are unable to expand or generate high level anti-host CTL activity. Using transgenic (Tg) alloreactive CD8+ T cells adoptively transferred into allogeneic recipients, we show that short-term expansion of the CD8+ Tg T cells occurred in the absence of Th cells, and this short-term expansion could be facilitated with an agonistic αCD40. While CD40 agonism could enhance short-term expansion, sustained expansion of CD8+ Tg T cells required bona fide CD154-expressing CD4+ alloreactive Th cells. While CD154 was necessary for CD8+ Tg T cell sustained expansion, IL- 2 was also implicated as essential. These observations suggest αCD154 therapy in GvHD is effective because the treatment causes and abortive CD8 alloresponse leading to the exhaustion or deletion of alloreactive CD8+ clones preventing the development of disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1999|