Ab stimulation of the TCR rapidly enhances the functional activity of the LFA-1 integrin. Although TCR-mediated changes in LFA-1 activity are thought to promote T cell-APC interactions, the Ag specificity and sensitivity of TCR-mediated triggering of LFA-1 is not clear. We demonstrate that peptide/MHC (pMHC) tetramers rapidly enhance LFA-1-dependent adhesion of OT-I TCR transgenic CD8+ T cells to purified ICAM-1. Inhibition of src family tyrosine kinase or PI3K activity blocked pMHC tetramer- and anti-CD3-stimulated adhesion. These effects are highly specific because partial agonist and antagonist pMHC tetramers are unable to stimulate OT-I T cell adhesion to ICAM-1 The Ag thresholds required for T cell adhesion to ICAM-1 resemble those of early T cell activation events, because optimal LFA-1 activation occurs at tetramer concentrations that fail to induce maximal T cell proliferation. Thus, TCR signaling to LFA-1 is highly Ag specific and sensitive to low concentrations of Ag.