Customizing a Coordinative Crab Molecule BCP-3N with Multifunctionality for High-Performance Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells

Gaopeng Wang, Rongguo Xu, Hong Zhu, Yu Li, Tongfa Liu, Zedong Lin, Mingyu Hu, Zhou Xing, Jiali Gao, Shihe Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Defects at the perovskite grain boundaries and the interfaces between perovskite and charge transport layers in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are a curse of nonradiative recombination losses and device degradation channels. Herein, the custom design and synthesis of a multifunctional small molecule (N 2,N 9-bis(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxamide (BCP-3N) featured by the π-conjugated phenanthroline and an array of lone-pair electron donor atoms from the carbonyl and amine groups are reported. The BCP-3N is used as a Lewis base to multidentate passivate the undercoordinated Pb2+ ions forming an ultrathin tunnel layer, in synergy with ethanol as a green antisolvent to simultaneously orient the growth of perovskite, resulting in a significantly reduced defect density in perovskite films. With BCP-3N, a significant increase in open-circuit voltage (V oc = 1.12 V) is achieved of inverted (p–i–n structure) PSCs, along with a record power conversion efficiency of ≈21% among alcohol antisolvent processed cells. Also, attested are a much higher illumination and humidity stability of the BCP-3N-based device. Combined experimental and theoretical studies have uncovered the multifunctional roles of BCP-3N in stabilizing high-quality Cs–FA–MA triple-cation mixed perovskites under light, bias, and humidity stresses, enlightening the molecular design for PSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSolar RRL
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
G.W. and R.X. contributed equally to this work. The authors acknowledge the support from NSFC (grant nos. U2001217 and 21972006), the Shenzhen Peacock Plan (grant no. KQTD2016053015544057), and the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Innovation Circle United Research Project (grant no. SGLH20180622092406130).

Funding Information:
G.W. and R.X. contributed equally to this work. The authors acknowledge the support from NSFC (grant nos. U2001217 and 21972006), the Shenzhen Peacock Plan (grant no. KQTD2016053015544057), and the Shenzhen‐Hong Kong Innovation Circle United Research Project (grant no. SGLH20180622092406130).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • customized molecular additives
  • device stability
  • ethanol antisolvent
  • perovskite solar cells

Cite this