Curriculum-based measurement for beginning writers: Recent developments and future directions

Kristen L. McMaster, Kristen D. Ritchey, Erica Lembke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

21 Scopus citations


Many students with learning disabilities (LD) experience significant difficulties in developing writing proficiency. Early identification and intervention can prevent long-term writing problems. Early identification and intervention require reliable and valid writing assessments that can be used to identify students at risk and monitor their progress in response to intervention. One promising approach to assessing students' performance and progress in writing is Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM). In this chapter, we provide an overview of CBM. Next, we describe a theoretical framework for writing development, and discuss implications of this framework for developing writing assessments. We then describe current efforts to develop a seamless and flexible approach to monitoring student progress in writing in the early elementary grades, and highlight important directions for future research. We end with a discussion of how teachers might eventually use CBM to make data-based decisions to provide effective individualized interventions for students who experience writing difficulties.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in learning and behavioral disabilities
Subtitle of host publicationAssessment and Intervention
EditorsT. E. Scrugg, M. A. Mastropieri
Place of PublicationBingley, UK
Number of pages38
StatePublished - 2011


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