Current status of development and regulatory approval of cardiac devices

Stephen A. Howard, Michael G Bateman, Timothy G Laske, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Medical devices are rapidly advancing and changing the medical field. Progress has been demonstrated in many fields such as minimally invasive surgical techniques for valve replacement and 3D cardiac mapping of arrhythmias. These medical device advances allow physicians to help more patients quicker and more efficiently. The field of cardiac device development can be considered as relatively new, beginning in the early 1950s, and today new technologies in this field are presented at ever increasing rates. Many times, these advances come from an unmet clinical need. In some ways, physicians are unable to treat (or are at best ineffectively treating) certain types of patients in this aging society. Motivated by these needs, medical device designers—scientists, physicians, patients, or simply individuals with good ideas—choose to undergo the rigorous, yet rewarding, path of medical device development. The development path follows a certain route from device conception, intellectual property generation, and testing to regulatory approval. Since cardiac medical devices are created to help patients, they must also undergo stringent testing for durability, biocompatibility, and manufacturability. To complete these assessments, both animal and clinical testing can be utilized, especially with regard to valve replacement devices. Once an adequate amount of data pertaining to the safety and efficacy of the device has been collected, it will then be sent to a regulatory body to gain approval to market the device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages765-776
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9783319194646
ISBN (Print)9783319194639
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiac device design
  • Cardiac device development
  • Device ideation
  • Device testing
  • Intellectual property
  • Regulatory approval
  • Risk mitigation

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