Current Reality of Beef Cattle Veterinary Practice in North America: A Systems Thinking Perspective

Dale M. Grotelueschen, Rebecca A. Funk, John T. Groves, Timothy J. Goldsmith, Brian Vander Ley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Beef cattle veterinarians provide services to the increasingly complex beef industry system. Systems thinking offers pathways to better understand and communicate ranges of issues such as prevailing mental models, importance of match quality relative to clientele needs, and identification of leverage to better adapt and continually improve. Thinking in systems identifies and helps us to understand patterns or structures that are organized and interconnected that result in the outcomes observed and experienced in the practice of beef cattle veterinary medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-333
Number of pages17
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to thank the 17 members of the VAST group who contributed their valuable perspectives through the “admiring the iceberg” exercises and advancement of causal loop diagrams in this article.


  • Beef
  • Beef cattle
  • Cattle
  • Practice
  • System
  • Systems thinking
  • Veterinarian
  • Veterinary profession
  • Humans
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • North America
  • Veterinarians
  • Animals
  • Systems Analysis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Review
  • Journal Article


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