Current Procedural Practices of Family Medicine Teaching Physicians

Allison R Newman, Joel J. Heidelbaugh, Kristen C. Klemenhagen, Aaron J. Michelfelder, David V Power, James E Hougas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Proficiency in procedural care achieved during residency is a major driver of family physician scope of practice. To date, no inventory exists of the advanced procedures and clinical skills performed by teaching family physicians. This study comprises the first such survey and assesses the attitude of respondents toward the importance of family physicians performing procedures.

METHODS: We sent a clinical skills inventory to a convenience sample of teaching family physicians employed at 18 medical school-affiliated, community, and military residency programs across the United States.

RESULTS: The overall response rate was 46% (N=337). Respondents performed a median of 12 advanced procedures and clinical skills (IQR: 8-18). Endorsed procedures ranged from skin biopsy (n=316, 93.8%) and joint injection (n=279, 82.8%) to colonoscopy (n=21, 6.2%) and cesarean delivery (n=23, 6.8%), and reported skills ranged from medication-assisted treatment (n=181, 53.7%) to highly active antiretrovial therapy (n=35, 10.4%). Gender and career stage were associated with statistically significant differences in endorsement of specific procedures. For example, fracture management was more likely to be performed by late- versus early-career faculty (54.1% vs 24.2%, P<.001) and by male versus female respondents (54.9% vs 24.2%, P<.001). Most respondents (84.3%) agreed that future family physicians should learn procedures and advanced clinical skills.

CONCLUSIONS: Family medicine teaching faculty perform a wide array of procedures and advanced skills. Apparent differences by career stage and gender identity in the performance of some of the procedural and skill areas may portend a shift in the procedural training of future family physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalFamily medicine
Issue number3
Early online dateJan 16 2024
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Society of Teachers of Family Medicine.


  • clinical skills teaching/centers
  • faculty retention
  • procedural training
  • promoting professional wellness
  • Clinical Competence
  • Internship and Residency
  • United States
  • General Practitioners
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physicians, Family
  • Teaching
  • Pregnancy
  • Gender Identity
  • Family Practice/education
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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