Cumulative effects of successive restorative procedures on anterior crown flexure: Intact versus veneered incisors

Pascal Magne, William H. Douglas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Objective: When successive restorative procedures (eg, porcelain veneers, interdental resin composite restorations, and endodontic treatment) are carried out on the same tooth, significant effects on crown flexure can be expected. Method and materials: Dentin-bonded porcelain veneers (experimental group) were assessed in vitro using functional and cyclic thermal loads. They were compared to natural teeth (control group) with respect to 2 parameters: coronal flexure (investigated using experimental strain gauges) and morphology of the tooth-restoration interface (scanning electron microscopic evaluation). For both veneered and natural teeth, crown deformation was recorded at 5 sequential experimental steps: intact tooth (baseline), Class III cavities, Class III resin composite restorations, endodontic treatment, and endodontic restoration (without posts). Results: No significant differences in crown flexure were found between natural and veneered incisors when compared across experimental steps. The main effect for experimental steps was highly significant. When averaged across all specimens (natural and veneered teeth), the endodontic treatment step resulted in the highest crown flexure (1.55X the baseline value). The unrestored Class III cavities and the endodontic restoration were next highest (1.30X and 1.28X the baseline value, respectively). The lowest crown flexures were found after restoration of the Class III cavities (1.13X the baseline value). No measurable microleakage or gaps were detected at the ceramic-resin, resin-enamel, or resin-dentin interfaces (Optibond FL, Kerr). Conclusion: Each subsequent reduction in tooth structure resulted in a substantial increase in crown flexibility, even after restoration. Endodontic procedures were responsible for most of the loss in crown stiffness. Extensive proximal cutting and restorations seemed to minimally affect crown flexure. Porcelain veneers showed perfect biomimetic behavior, because cumulated restoration procedures had the same effect on natural and veneered incisors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-18
Number of pages14
JournalQuintessence international
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000


  • Anterior tooth
  • Flexure
  • Resin composite restoration
  • Stiffness
  • Veneer


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