Cultural socialization in families with internationally adopted children

Richard M. Lee, Harold D. Grotevant, Wendy L. Hellerstedt, Megan R. Gunnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations


Cultural socialization attitudes, beliefs, and parenting behaviors were examined in families with internationally adopted children. The authors hypothesized that parents with lower color-blind racial attitudes would be more likely to engage in enculturation and racialization parenting behaviors because they hold stronger beliefs in the value and importance of cultural socialization. Using data from the Minnesota International Adoption Project, the results support this mediation model of cultural socialization. Individual variations in cultural socialization also are discussed in terms of child development and shifting adoption attitudes and practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-580
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2006


  • Cultural socialization
  • International adoption
  • Parenting
  • Racial attitudes
  • Transracial


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