Cultural intelligence: A theory-based, short form measure

David C. Thomas, Yuan Liao, Zeynep Aycan, Jean Luc Cerdin, Andre A. Pekerti, Elizabeth C. Ravlin, Günter K. Stahl, Mila B. Lazarova, Henry Fock, Denni Arli, Miriam Moeller, Tyler G. Okimoto, Fons Van De Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


This article reports the development and validation of a theory-based, short form measure of cultural intelligence (SFCQ). The SFCQ captures the original theoretical intent of a multifaceted culture general form of intelligence that is related to effective intercultural interactions. The validity of the scale is established with 3526 participants in five language groups from around the world. Results provide evidence for construct and criterion-related validity of the measure, and indicate that cultural intelligence is a single latent factor reflected in three intermediate facets. In support of construct validity the measure is modestly related to but distinct from emotional intelligence and personality and correlates positively with several indicators of multicultural experience. With regard to criterion-related validity, it relates as predicted to several dimensions of intercultural effectiveness. Implications for the measurement and understanding of culture and the influence of culture on management practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1118
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada and from the Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales.


  • construct development and evaluation
  • cross-cultural management
  • cross-cultural research/measurement issues
  • culture


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