Brown stem rot (BSR), caused by Phialophora gregata f. sp. sojae, is an important yield-limiting disease of soybean (Glycine max) in the midwestern United States. Midwestern populations of P. gregata are separated into genotypes A and B based on intergenic spacer sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Genotype A causes both leaf and stem symptoms, and genotype B typically causes internal stem symptoms only. Data are limited on the geographic distribution of genotypes A and B. It is not well understood whether cultivars may be infected preferentially by a genotype. Field plots were established at five sites in Illinois, three sites in Wisconsin, and two sites in Minnesota in two different years. Soybean cvs. Bell, BSR101, Dwight, Sturdy, Williams 82, LN92-12033, and LN92-12054 were sown with two to four replications at each field site. From each plot, 5 to 10 stems were harvested arbitrarily at the R8 growth stage and assayed by polymerase chain reaction to detect the A and B genotypes. Both pathogen genotypes were detected at all locations except Urbana, where only genotype A was detected, and St. Paul, where only B was detected. Genotype A was the predominant genotype detected in susceptible cvs. Williams 82 and LN92-12054, with 70 and 78% of infected stems, respectively, positive for A. The other susceptible cultivar, Sturdy, yielded predominantly genotype A at four of the seven Illinois and Wisconsin locations where both pathogen genotypes were present, but yielded predominantly B at the Minnesota location where both genotypes were detected. Genotype B was the predominant type detected in partially resistant cvs. Dwight, LN92-12033, and Bell, with 56, 85, and 99% of the infected stems, respectively, testing positive for B.