Crystalluria. Observations, interpretations, and misinterpretations.

Carl A Osborne, T. D. O'Brien, H. K. Ghobrial, L. Meihak, J. B. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Crystalluria results from oversaturation of urine with crystallogenic substance. However, oversaturation may occur as a result of in vitro as well as in vivo events. The microscopic appearance of crystals only represents a tentative identification of their composition because variable conditions associated with their formation, growth, and dissolution may alter their appearance. Definitive identification is dependent on physical methods such as optical crystallography, x-ray diffraction, and electron microscopic analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-65
Number of pages21
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1986


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