Crystallization Inhibition in Molecular Liquids by Polymers above the Overlap Concentration (c*): Delay of the First Nucleation Event

Sichen Song, Shuquan Cui, Changquan calvin Sun, Timothy p. Lodge, Ronald a. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Low concentration polymer additives can significantly alter crystal growth kinetics of molecular liquids and glasses. However, the effect of polymer concentration on nucleation kinetics remains poorly understood. Based on an experimentally determined first nucleation time (time to form the first critical nucleus, t0), we show that the polymer overlap concentration, c*, where polymer coils in the molecular liquid start to overlap with each other, is a critical polymer concentration for efficient inhibition of crystallization of a molecular liquid. The value of t0 is approximately equal to that of the neat molecular liquid when the polymer concentration, c, is below c*, but increases significantly when c > c*. This finding is relevant for effective polymer screening and performance prediction of engineered multicomponent amorphous materials, particularly pharmaceutical amorphous solid dispersions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 American Pharmacists Association

Keywords

  • Amorphous solid dispersion (ASD)
  • Crystal growth
  • Crystal nucleation
  • Physical stability
  • Polymer overlap concentration (c*)

MRSEC Support

  • Shared

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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