Crystal structures and spectroscopic characterization of MBr2(CNXyl)n (M = Fe and Co, n = 4; M = Ni, n = 2; Xyl = 2,6-dimethylphenyl), and of formally zero-valent iron as a cocrystal of Fe(CNXyl)5 and Fe2(CNXyl)9

William W. Brennessel, Benjamin E. Kucera, Victor G. Young, John E. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Structures and spectroscopic characterization of the divalent complexes cisdibromidotetrakis( 2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)iron(II) dichloromethane 0.771-solvate, [FeBr2(C9H9N)4]-0.771CH2Cl2 or cis-FeBr2(CNXyl)4-0.771CH2Cl2 (Xyl = 2,6-dimethylphenyl), trans-dibromidotetrakis(2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)-iron(II), [FeBr2(C9H9N)4] or trans-FeBr2(CNXyl)4, trans-dibromidotetrakis(2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)cobalt(II), [CoBr2(C9H9N)4] or trans-CoBr2(CNXyl)4, and trans-dibromidobis(2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)nickel(II), [NiBr2(C9H9N)2] or trans-NiBr2(CNXyl)2, are presented. Additionally, crystals grown from a cold diethyl ether solution of zero-valent Fe(CNXyl)5 produced a structure containing a cocrystallization of mononuclear Fe(CNXyl)5 and the previously unknown dinuclear [Fe(CNXyl)3]2(-2-CNXyl)3, namely pentakis(2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)iron(0) tris(-2-2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)bis[tris(2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide)iron(0)], [Fe(C9H9N)5][Fe2(C9H9N)9]. The (M)C- N-C(Xyl) angles of the isocyanide ligand are nearly linear for the metals in the +2 oxidation state, for which the ligands function essentially as pure donors. The -CN stretching frequencies for these divalent metal isocyanides are at or above that of the free ligand. Relative to FeII, in the structure containing iron in the formally zero-valent oxidation state, the Fe-C bond lengths have shortened, the C N bond lengths have elongated, the (M)C-N-C(Xyl) angles of the terminal CNXyl ligands are more bent, and the -CN stretching frequencies have shifted to lower energies, all indicative of substantial M(d-)!- backbonding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1118-1127
Number of pages10
JournalActa Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Keywords

  • 2 6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide
  • IR spectroscopy
  • NMR.
  • cobalt
  • crystal structure
  • iron
  • nickel
  • xylyl isocyanide

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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