Crystal Morphology and Growth in Annealed Rubrene Thin Films

Thomas R. Fielitz, Russell J. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


While controlled crystallization of organic thin films holds great potential for enhancing the performance of electronic devices, quantitative understanding of the processes involved is limited. Here, we characterize the thin film crystal growth of the organic semiconductor rubrene during annealing using polarized optical microscopy with a heated stage for in situ measurements, followed by atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction. During annealing, the film undergoes transitions from predominant growth of a polycrystalline triclinic crystal structure to single crystal orthorhombic, followed by polycrystalline growth of the orthorhombic polymorph. Observation of crystal morphology with time allows determination of the crystal orientation, which is used in conjunction with crystal size measurements to determine the crystallization activation energies for the observed growth phases and crystal planes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4720-4726
Number of pages7
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 3 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.


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