We consider an anisotropic version of the (Formula presented) model which describes frustrated quantum antiferromagnets with incommensurate spin correlations. We extend the two-component spinon field, describing lattice spins, to the (Formula presented)-component complex vector, and show, in the (Formula presented) expansion, that for arbitrary small incommensurability longitudinal and transverse stiffnesses tend to the same value as the system approaches the quantum critical point. For physical spins ((Formula presented)), this yields O(4) critical behavior. However, if the spin structure is commensurate, the longitudinal stiffness is identically zero. In this case, the critical behavior is the same as in the O(3) (Formula presented) model. We show how the critical exponents interpolate between O(3) and O(4) values near the transition. We also show that the competition between these two fixed points leads to a confinement-deconfinement transition at a finite temperature.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1996|